Bangladesh Veterinary Council
Code of Veterinary Ethics

Bangladesh Veterinary Council, Dhaka.


The honour and dignity of our profession lies in our obedience to a just and reasonable code of ethics set forth as a guide to the members of the Veterinary profession. The object of this code, however, is more far reaching for exemplary professional conduct not only upholds honor and dignity but also enlarges our sphere of usefulness, exalts our social standards and promotes the science we cultivate. Briefly stated, our code of ethics is the foundation of our individual and collective efforts. It will be disgraceful and regarded undesirable in, and unbecoming to a professional man if he does not abide by this code. Such conduct is generally termed unethical and should be avoided at all times. It is understood that each country is free to make its own ethical decision for what is the rule in one country may not be appropriate in another. Therefore this code of our profession is based on professional conduct expected of a veterinarian in this country appropriate to the situation and times in which we live in with our heritage.


  1. General deportment:
  2. Conduct characterizing the personal behavior of a gentleman is expected of all members of the profession.
  3. It is the solemn duty of all members of the profession to deport them in accordance with the spirit of this code.
  4. This code is not intended to cover the entire filed of Veterinary medical ethics. Professional life is too   complex to classify in to a set of rules, one’s duties &   obligations to clients, colleagues and citizens.


  1. Personal deportment & obligation of a Veterinarian:
  2. a) A Veterinarian is a member of a learned and skilled profession. Therefore, has conduct should be governed by a stricter code of ethics than that applies to the ordinary citizen.


  1. b) No member shall use a professional degree/diploma to which he is not entitled or any degree/diploma or title granted by an institution declared unworthy by contemporary institution of its class.


  1. c) No member shall belittle or injure the professional standing of another member of the profession or unnecessarily condemn the character of his professional acts or will not behave in a manner undesirable in and unbecoming of a man of this profession.


  1. d) All members shall comply with the common law governing their obligations to their clients and shall obey without obvious fault the official public regulations and laws governing their acts and shall create a good image as a Veterinary practitioner by paying genuine attention to the problems of their clients.


  1. e) All members should be obliged to make careful use of this knowledge & skill & should as a representative of the profession never refuse advice or treatment without good cause.
    1. Consultations:
    2. a) When a fellow practitioner or laboratory worker or officially employed veterinarian is called into consultation by the attending veterinarian, findings, and discussions with the client shall be handled is such a manner as to avoid criticism of the attending veterinarian by his client.


  1. b) When in the course of his authorized official duty it is necessary for a veterinarian to render service in the field of another veterinarian, it will be considered unethical to offer free or compensated service or advice other than that which comes strictly within the scope of his official duty.


  1. c) Consultations should be conducted in such a spirit of professional co-operation between consultant and attending veterinarian as to assure the client’s confidence in veterinarian medicine.


  1. d) Consultants shall not revisit the patient or client or communicate directly with the client without the knowledge of the attending veterinarian.


  1. e) Laboratory workers in the role of consultants shall deport themselves in the same manner as fellow practitioners, whether they are private, commercial or public functionaries.


  1. f) In no instance and under no circumstance shall a consultant take charge of a case or problem without the consent of all concerned, particularly when the client’s financial obligations to the attending veterinarian have not been adjusted.


  1. g) No member shall willfully place his professional knowledge, attainments, or services at the disposal of any lay body, organized, for the purpose or encouraging unqualified groups and individuals to diagnose and prescribe for the ailments and diseases of animals; Such conduct is especially reprehensible when it is done to promote commercial interest and monetary gain. Such deportment is beneath the dignity of professional ethics and practice; it can be harmful to both the welfare of the animal owning public and the veterinarian profession; it violates principles of human animal care; it may cause great economic loss and endanger public health and is, therefore, contrary to sound policy.
  2. Super session:

If an owner of a sick animal which has been recently treated by one veterinary surgeon, calls upon another for treatment, the latter should decline to attend unless he considered as a consultant or the owner of the animal produces a letter referring to the case to the veterinary surgeon in question of the first veterinary surgeon is away and is not available or there is evidence that the first veterinary surgeon has retired from the case or informed by the owner that his services are no longer required. The Veterinary surgeon called in expected to inform the one whom he is superseding. This should not be done without reference to the previous veterinarian. This is not just a matter of professional courtesy and etiquette. It is because, it is certainly not in the patient’s interest but highly dangerous from the veterinarian�s point of view as well to treat the animal without ascertaining the previous case history & treatment.

  1. Canvassing:

It is unprofessional for a veterinary surgeon or a veterinary practitioner to canvass or tour for practice whether by himself or though others. Thus, in the event of a farm or an estate changing hands, ownership or management, the Veterinary surgeon who was in attendance on the animals in the farm or estate should not approach directly or indirectly the new owner or management with a view to continue his professional services to said owner or management.

  1. Advertising:

Registered Veterinary Surgeon or Veterinary practitioner should not attend to secure clients or gain reputation by any kind of advertisement in the press but this not prevent him from publishing articles in professional journals, the popular press, broadcasting and appearing on television. He should not call himself a consultant, specialist, Canine or Feline surgeon etc. as these titles are generally not accepted in Veterinary practice.

The only legitimate method of gaining professional reputation is by strict ethical conduct & proficient and skillful practice of the profession. Therefore, any attempt direct or indirect to increase one’s professional refutation by other means some of which are specified above can be regarded as forms of advertising which may be considered infamous conduct. However, this does not preclude the use of one’s professional qualifications and titles in appropriate please.

  1. Objectionable advertising consists of:
  1. Advertising personal superiority over one’s colleagues.
  2. b)   Advertising secret remedies for exclusive


  1. c) Advertising fixed fees for given services.

Advertising case report.


  1. Advertising hospital and office equipment and special   services render therewith.
  2. Advertising in a city,commercial telephone or any widely circulated directory.
  3. To publish the name of a veterinarian in directories as a specialist in the treatment of any disease or in the performance of any service withing this scope of   practice.
    1. Advertising in local news papers:

This should be limited to name, title, address office hours and telephone number.

Writing articles announcing the presence of contagious diseases and their seasonal prevention or treatment is encouraged provided the motive is a bonfire attempt to salvage livestock of clients rather than personal gain wisely worded articles of this type add to the dignity and usefulness of the veterinary profession, where as paid advertisement of the same subject are manifestly detrimental and therefore,is violation of this code.

  1. Advertising by mail:

The distribution of cards or circulars by mail or other wise remanding clients that the time is at hand for rendering certain services (vaccination, worm-parasite treatment etc.) is a questionable practice should be frowned upon objectionable advertising.

Bonafide personal letters or telephone calls of the same class as printed material may however be approved under special circumstances of grave emergencies where professional dignity is not sacrificed.


  1. Advertising by personal cards and letter heads:
  2. a) The latter head of a professional man should be modest, announcing only name, title, address, telephone number and office hours.


  1. b) In view of the term that veterinary practice has taken in recent years, a veterinarian may announce in his cards and letterheads that his practice is limited to the treatment of diseases of small animals or poultry,provided that such cards and letterheads indicate that he is a member of irregular practitioner who are not eligible to the membership of the registered veterinary practitioner.


  1. c) The mailing letters or cards announcing a new location of office hospital or other place of business is permissible, but such occasions should not be used as an excuse for violating the code in other instances.
  2. Advertising

(a) By display of signboards:-Veterinary surgeons have a duty to see that their premises can be found without under difficulty by the member of the public seeking their services, for this purpose professional premises may be identified by one signboard reading  Veterinary Hospital/Dispensary or  Veterinary Clinic or Veterinary Surgery giving the hours of attendance and if desired the telephone number of the practitioner and any information which indicates where veterinary advice or assistance may by sought when the clinic is closed . No other information should be as is given in the signboard.

The size and design of the signboard should be as is consistent with the professional approach to the provision of information for member of the public and should not give appearance of a commercial sign intended to attract custom.

The signboard should not announce special services such as bathing, plucking clipping and X-ray work which characterize the ways of charlatan.

  1. b) By display of name plates:- All professional premises form which veterinary services are provided should bear on the building itself or at some appropriate point adjacent to the building a name plate. Which shall contain no information other than the following:-
  1. The name of the veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner of the names in a partnership.
  2. Letters indicating the qualification as entered against the name each veterinarian in the register of the register of the register veterinary practitioners of Bangladesh.
  • The name plates must not exceed 18X18 and should be designed in a dignified and professional style.


  1. Professional stationary:

Professional note papers, accounts heads visiting cards and all other professional stationary should not be printed in large letters or with florid display and should contain generally the following:

  1. The name of the veterinarian ( or the name in a partnership)
  2. The address(or in case of more than one set of premises, the name & the subsidiary address).
  3. The title Veterinary surgeon or  Veterinary Practitioner as the case may be.
  4. Letters indicating Degrees or Diplomas entered in the register of registered veterinary practitioner.
  5. Change of address:

This may be announced by a very brief note in the local press. He may also write under cover to bonafide clients of the change of address. However, it not permissible to make an announcement in the press when a new practice is set up. Any change in address must be notified to the Registrar of the Bangladesh Veterinary Council.

  1. Emergency service:
  2. a) When called in an emergency as a substitute of a fellow practitioner in his absence it is the veterinarians duty to render the necessary service and then tum then patient to his colleagues upon his return.


  1. b) In making emergency calls upon a patient already under treatment it is unethical to institute redial changes in the treatment of previously prescribed medicine in such a way as to attract unusual attention.
  2. Testimonials:

It is unprofessional for any veterinary surgeon or veterinary practitioner to give any testimonial intended for sales promotion in favour of proprietary or patent articles,medicines or animal foods. Such reports may be given publicly through a veterinary journal or at a meeting of a veterinary association.

  1. Guarantee cure:

It is unethical to guarantee a cure. Employing questionable methods to attract attention or boast of possessing superior knowledge or skill in the treatment or prevention of any diseases should be avoided

  1. Frauds:
  2. a) Issuing of false certificates of health on public documents & careless compliance with official regulations to which the veterinarian is entrusted to enforce are deemed violations of professional honesty.
  3. b) When employed by the buyer to inspect an animal forsoundness it is unethical to accept a fee from the seller. The acceptance of such fee is prima facioevidence of fraud on the other hand, it is deemed unethical to criticism unfairly an animal about to be sold. The veterinarian duty in this connection is to be a just an honest referee.
  4. Illegal practice:
  1. It is unprofessional to aid in illegal practice of others.


  1. Member of the profession shall not encourage or assist any person to practice anywhere in violation of the laws governing the practice of veterinary medicine.


  1. It is the duty of members of the profession to report illegal practices to the proper authorities & to the Bangladesh Veterinary Council, or to the Council of

the Bangladesh Veterinary Association.


  1. d) When a Veterinarian surgeon or a veterinary practitioner is the author of an article it is unprofessional for him to promote the reprinting of all or part of the article to be used for advertisement or sale of any product to the general public. He may, however, send reports to the manufacturer or distributor for the purpose of disseminating knowledge.
    1. Obligations and loyalty of the Veterinarian:

The veterinarian should first of all be a good citizen and leader in movement to advance the community welfare. He should commit no act that would reflect unfavorably upon the worthiness of his profession. He should promote the interests, honor and dignity of the veterinary profession with good faith.

  1. Full time Govt. or other appointments:

A Veterinary surgeon in Govt. employment or in a similar position has certain advantages over a veterinarian in private practice in the same area. It would be unprofessional for the former to exploit this advantage. In cases of doubt be should consult the veterinary council or the head of the department.

  1. Fees:

The fees that may be charged can not be laid down. In the case of veterinary surgeons in Govt. employment they are to be guided by the Govt. rules & instructions issued by the head of the department/Govt. from time to time. However, when a consultants fee is paid it should be paid in full to the consultant.

  1. Disputes:

It is very undesirable that there should be any disputes among the Veterinarians, wherever possible they should settle disputes within the profession and if necessary seek the advice of the veterinary council.

  1. The use of qualifications:

A veterinary practitioner should not use in connection with professional affairs, any title which is not in the register of registered veterinary practitioner. The list of registered veterinary practitioner together with their address and recognized veterinary qualification published in the official gazetteer once in every four years under section 18 to the Bangladesh Veterinary Practitioners Ordinance-1982.

  1. The veterinary surgeon and the law:
  2. a) Certificates- A veterinary Practitioner is in duty bound in certain cases when requested to do so, to issue certificate etc. Signed by him in his professional capacity for their subsequent use in the courts of law or for administration purposes. When such certificates are given in respect of animals the certificate should contain all relevant information for the animals to be identified.

It is unprofessional conduct for any veterinarian to sign any certificate which is untrue, misleading or improper or which is given in respect of any matters not having received his personal attention. It should be borne in mind that the certificates half filled in, improperly completed or containing in accurate information are misleading. When certificates relates to export their inadequacies can have international repercussions. Every member of the profession, therefore, must realizes that careless on negligent certification can not only prove harmful to his professional reputation but can also in certain cases seriously affect the credibility of veterinary certification in general.

  1. Professional secrecy:

Any information gained by a veterinarian concerning a patient under his care is to be   treated as confidential and to be divulged to the owner alone and with the owners consent to others,if necessary. However,this does not apply if he has to divulge this information interns of diseases of animals Act. or other Ordinances or Acts or Regulations or if the public welfare or the welfare of other animals endangered.

  1. Evidence:

When a veterinary surgeon by reason of this professional status is called upon to give evidence to a court of law, the evidence must be given with the purpose of seeing that justice is done, If a veterinarian is called by a party to an action to give evidence, he should do so as a professional man to assist the court.

  1. Veterinary Practitioners and the Bangladesh Veterinary Practitioners Ordinance 1982(XXX of 1982):

It is the duty of every veterinary Practitioner registered under Bangladesh Veterinary Practitioners Ordinance-1982 (XXX of 1982) to report any breach of this ordinance that may come to his attention to the Veterinary Council of Bangladesh.

  1. Every Registered Veterinary Practitioner:
  2. a) shall follow these code of Ethics,
  3. b) shall morally be bound to discharge duties with honesty,sincerity and diligently.
  4. Ground of Penalty:

Where a Registered Veterinary Practitioner is in

the opinion of the council:

  1. a) Guilty of misconduct,
  2. b) Guilty of inefficiency or lost efficiency,
  3. c) Corrupt or may reasonably be considered as corrupt.
  4. Penalties:

There should be two kinds of penalties which may be imposed under these Regulations namely, minor penalties and major penalties:

  1. Minor Penalties:
  2. i) Censure ii) Withholding of the Vet, Practice for a   specified period,
  3. Major Penalties:
    1. Cancellation of Registration.
  4. Inquiry procedure:

All enquirers shall be made for imposing above penalties under section 22 of the Bangladesh Veterinary Practitioners Ordinance 1982(XXX of 1982 ) on the 7(seven) members set up by the President of the Council

  1. In case of any inquiries of offense, the council itself or any committee formed in this regards by Bangladesh Veterinary Council would be treated as a court as per clause 22 of veterinary practitioners Act of 1986 . And such committee have powers to enforce as a commissioner as per inquiry Act of 1890.

33.Amendment, addition and alterations:

This code of professional conduct must be appropriate to the situation and the time in which we live. It is for this reason the council reserves the right to revise, amend or make additions or alterations when felt necessary to promote the image and reputation of the profession.



Akhlaque Uddin Ahmed


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